分类目录FOLIO

Transcript of the webinar speech on May 13, 2020

Recorded video can be found at: https://v.qq.com/x/page/a0966dw612b.html and https://vimeopro.com/ebsco1/supporting-your-institutions-as-they-move-online/video/418175693

Hello everyone!

Thank you Meghan and Ethen for having us to the Webinar. 

Let me begin with wishing you all safety and health during this COVID-19 Pandemic Period. Our library has not been back to normal from the end of February. Now we are only open for half a day everyday.

Today we are very happy to share with you our thoughts and plan for implementation FOLIO in Shanghai Library, as well as to promote FOLIO application and awareness in China.

I am Keven Liu, the deputy director of Shanghai library. Today with me will be two of my colleagues, Zhou Gang and Chen Xiaoyang, 

I am going to give you an overview on the consideration of FOLIO implementation in Shanghai Library, and why we are going to promote the FOLIO application in China. Mr. Zhou Gang will be on the Program of our developing and migration plan in more detail. And Chen Xiaoyang will talk about the FOLIO community activities we have done in the past and will be doing in the near future in China.

At first, I would like to give you a little bit about the background of my library and my city.

As you may know, Shanghai is one of the biggest city in China. And Shanghai Library is the biggest public library in China. The population of Shanghai is 23 million. About a quarter of them (that is about 5.1 million) had a reader’s card issued from the Shanghai library system. 

Generally Shanghai Library has three faces to the public: a stand-alone public and research library, a central library for the Shanghai library consortia which is consists of 256 member and branch libraries, and a professional research institute, which has a name of Institute of Scientific and Technological Information of Shanghai (ISTIS).

The main building of Shanghai library has 83 thousand square meters (that is about 900,000 square feet). The total collection has 55 million items, including a huge collection of special materials such as ancient books, old newspapers and magazines, genealogy, rubbings, maps, diaries and letters of celebrities and so on so forth. We have more than 800 librarians and staffs working in the library everyday.

The circulation transaction number is 66 million a year. There are more than 3 million people visited my library every year. There are about 800 thousand readers checked out more than 30 million books each year from the whole city library system. 

The present Shanghai Library building opened to the public in 1996. With the economic development, the budget of Shanghai Library has been from around 30 million USD in 1996 to around 70 million USD last year.

We are now having a new building under construction, located in the new city center of Pudong area, where it is always pretend to be the center of the universe in Hollywood movies. The overall design is from SHL, a company from Denmark. The new building has 115 thousand square meters of floor space (that is about 1.2 million square feet). It will open to public on Dec. 2021 (the end of next year).

As I just mentioned, Shanghai Library has a second face as the central library of the whole city library consortia, which contains 256 libraries in three tiers by now, and will be expand to around two thousand libraries in four tiers in the next few years. We are now using only one integrated library system for the whole consortia, that is the Horizon System from SirsiDynix. 

We have been running it from 1996.

I am sure some of you are familiar with the interfaces. It’s a magnificent powerful Integrated Library System once upon the time. In the recently issued Library System Report by Marshall Breeding, there are still hundreds of libraries using Horizon for nowadays. 

After running it for more than two decades, as you can see obviously, the system can no longer meet our needs. we are facing with a giant leap and mega-migration for Shanghai Library and the whole Shanghai Library Consortia.

Our requirements are very clear.

We need a service platform not only for Shanghai Library, but for tens of branch libraries, which have their own library branches, in total maybe thousands of them as an integrated consortia.

We should support up to 100 million circulation transaction a year.

We should look after all kinds of activities by up to 15 million registered users in the next few years.

It should provide SaaS ecology with diversified multiple extension modules by all kinds of local vendors, to provide smart library services, reserving services, reading list services, activity management services, 24-hour services, data analytics services, etc.

It should help member and branch libraries to transform and redefine themselves to a more digital world, and re-engineering their workflow to meet new and unknown requirements in the future.

After  keeping track of the library system market for quite a few years, we found nothing can fulfill such requirements above, till we learn the existence of FOLIO. 

We valued the open and sharing spirit of FOLIO, it is perfectly matching the ideas of the Public Libraries.

I agree with the idea that the future of library platform should be open sourced and act as an operation system for libraries.  As a platform it should have an open market for all kinds of stakeholders. And then libraries can choose applications what ever they want to run. 

We libraries should play a key role in the self-serviced environment, which has a spirit can be stated as: “by the community, with the community and for the community”.  

We think it is a breakthrough in the library history which is like no other. And we are very happy to see the most part of FOLIO has been realized in recent years. It has been successfully implemented in Chalmers University in Sweden last September, and will go live in several university libraries this year. 

FOLIO is a future platform with a lot of potentials and promises. FOLIO community has been doing a fantastic job to make the dream come true. 

There is no such a platform better than FOLIO by now, has the capacity to accomplish the countless and agnostic requirements for libraries to go into the future.

But the future of libraries is a moving target. We don’t have a crystal ball that allows us to see the future clearly. The only thing we know is that there will be no future if we just sit there and do nothing instead of actively addressing the disruptive digital challenges.

So we need the new service platform to be flexible enough to adapt all kinds of new technologies and meet all possible requirements. Here has some concerns from Shanghai library. It can also be seen as the critical difficulties to implement FOLIO in Shanghai Library.

•In a library as large and complex as the Shanghai Library, FOLIO is relatively less mature and less sophisticated. We need to do some strengthening and localization.

•Extensive modules are immediate required to meet local needs.

•Multi-tenant has higher priority to support large consortia.

•Market place has higher priority to accommodate diversified requirements and support new business model innovation.

•Robustness, performance and scalability issues need to be fully considered.

We believe that, if FOLIO can be successfully applied in Shanghai library, FOLIO will be decisively invincible and has a very bright future in the library system market around the world. But we need a lot of helps first from the whole FOLIO community, to address such key difficulties above. 

Our goals are also very clear:

•To provide a breakthrough LSP to integrate and upgrade our service capacity for Shanghai Central Library Consortia.

•To curate a lightweight version of open sourced LSP for all kinds of libraries in China.

•To maintain an active community consists of libraries and venders in China.

•To foster an ecosystem by establish an open market and encourage open innovation.

•To explore and incubate new business model for library and information service industry in China. 

As Shanghai Library has a research group under the name of Digital Culture Research Base by the China Ministry of Culture and Tourism. We are regularly present research reports for their reference. So we are not doing things just for Shanghai Library itself, but for the whole library industry in China, especially in the information technology implementation aspect.

That’s why we are willing to curate a FOLIO Chinese version, and to contribute on maintaining an active FOLIO community consists of libraries and venders in China. 

I’m very happy to announce that, with the great help from EBSCO and Jiatu Company, we are now having Mrs. Lucy Liu to join us as a PO (Product Owner) for FOLIO local development and implementation. 

The library market in China consists mainly of public libraries and university libraries. Of course there are many school libraries and other kinds, but I have no statistics of them. So I just take the main two to give you a rough picture.

•The total annual budget of public libraries is around 13 billion RMB in 2015 (ie. about 2 billion USD). 

•The annual budget excluding staff costs for university libraries is about 6.5 billion RMB (about 1 billion USD).

•The collection development costs around 10 billion RMB (public lib has 45%, university lib 55%), of which less than half is for digital resources.

•IT funding is difficult to keep track, usually for hardware, software and services together in total, is around 1.5 billion RMB. Rough estimate of software system is about 400-500 million RMB a year.

As for Library System Market in China, 

•We are now having less than 10 local active venders in total.

•Most of them show great interest in FOLIO and very possible to join the FOLIO alliance, some of them are already the member of CALIS Alliance or Shanghai Alliance.

•But some of them will still develop and maintain their own products. The real competition will be among 3-4 competitors.

•So it’s very important for FOLIO to have a competitive market strategy.

•FOLIO is based on the library community. That’s why the interest from libraries are most important. A lot of libraries are currently very eager to learn about the new LSP.

•If full fledged, FOLIO will be able to capture a large portion of the Chinese market share we believe.

To summarize, we like to provide a very brief SWOT analysis for the  FOLIO application in China, as follows


the Strengths are:

•It is an Open Source Software

•It developed with Micro-services architecture, but there is already a product from another company in the Chinese market that uses spring cloud microservices solution.

•It is community-based self-serviced and vender independent 

•It consists of plug-n-play Web apps

•It provide format agnostic feature and support multiple Knowledge bases.

the Weaknesses are:

•Risk of development delays which is always going to happen in Open Source software development.

•Weak on service support as OSS

•Need powerful community stewardship and governance

•Relatively long learning curve to handle for some libraries

the Opportunities are

•Libraries are Longing for adopt next generation technologies

•Applications can be embedded in users’ mobile and smart environment

•It can facilitate open innovation for venders and libraries

the Threats are

•New Business Model has not emerged and should be mixed with resources, software and maintenance support services.

•Fierce market competition still exists.

•Open Source Software has sustainable issue.

•The risk of unfulfilled expectations brings poor word-of-mouth credibility 

I would like to propose a strategic plan for promoting FOLIO applications in China. 

We at Shanghai Library are committed to support the domestic FOLIO alliance and strive to play a key role in it.

•We should keep schedule and speed up the localization modules development for Shanghai Library, as the first successful implementation example.

•We should Increase satisfaction of early adopters and pay attention to word-of-mouth marketing.

•We should help to strengthen the governance and stewardship of the OLF and local community.

•We should release service specifications and best practices when necessary to keep awareness.

•We should implement library-centric and service-oriented modules development. 

•We should recruit library and developer alliances to build a sustainable ecology.

•We should encourage to develop more Web Apps that are compatible and interoperable with the FOLIO architecture, to form a comprehensive application environment as soon as possible.

Finally, I would like to express my sincere appreciation to those who give us a lot of help on the FOLIO development for Shanghai Library. They are CALIS, 嘉图Jiatu, ILAS, 凯勤Kelkin, 仰格Younger, 上海阿法迪Shanghai RFID, 睿计Ruiji, 蔚运Wewin, 杭州麦达Hangzhou MetaData, 以及图创软件and TCSoft,

Especially many thanks to EBSCO, a lot of friends from EBSCO lead us to the right and bright path into the future.

That’s the end of my talk.

The next speaker will be my colleague, Mr. Zhou Gang, on the FOLIO modules and migration plans by our Shanghai Library FOLIO team.

未来已来!拥抱一个全新的开放平台时代

本文为《中国图书馆学报》2020年第一期“FOLIO专辑”主持人语

图书馆行业从来没有像今天这样接近自己的理想,也从来没有像今天这样面临巨大的挑战。

1931年阮冈纳赞提出图书馆学五定律,指出“书有其用”、“人有其书“、”书有其人”、“节省时间”,以及“图书馆是一个生长的有机体”。这充满理想主义的五条原则,是博尔赫斯“图书馆是天堂模样”的最好诠释,然而它其实一直是一个梦想,直到信息技术高度发展的今天,才有了实现的可能。

如果不是大数据和机器学习技术,我们不可能突破二八定律为长尾图书找到小众读者,不可能实现信息资源的精准推送,也不可能通过用户参与而优化采购,通过数据驱动型知识服务而实现图书馆向“数据馆”和“知识库”转型。所有这一切都有赖于一个全媒体、全流程、全网域系统平台的支持,有赖于突破传统系统只专注于图书馆自身业务,而忽略读者和用户的多样化需求和越来越高的体验要求。

当今一个理想的图书馆平台,绝不能只有采访编目流通等几个模块,而应该提供一个应用生态,任何图书馆的功能需求都有相应的app得到满足。其中甚至不局限于图书馆行业,而成为博物馆、美术馆、档案馆、文化馆等人类记忆机构通用或共享的服务。就像智能手机有应用商店一样,只要有需求,就能找到相应的app,通过建立一套技术标准规范,就能使大众的创造力得到充分发挥,并把公共文化机构的服务潜能充分挖掘出来。

这样的应用生态只有开放的平台才能够做到,而且是图书馆行业主导的开放平台,图书馆对自己的系统、业务和数据具有完全的掌控。这个平台让人人都可以开发app,这样图书馆所需要的所有功能,才有可能有足够多的商家提供服务;不同商家开发的app,才可能相互替换,并且随时挂接或插拔;图书馆的各类数据和模块,才能当然地互联互通。于是图书馆将不再依赖于个别的系统供应商,图书馆的数据安全也得到充分的保障:它只属于图书馆,或者读者自己。

这个平台现在已经诞生,它就是FOLIO,即“未来的图书馆是开放的(Future Of Library Is Open)!”

本期专辑汇集了四篇论文,是上海图书馆FOLIO应用团队对这套全新的图书馆开放平台进行初步研究的成果。上海图书馆23年前引进了当时最先进的C/S结构系统,现已经历了B/S和移动互联网两代的发展,直接进入基于微服务的开放平台架构。现已打算应用这套平台。

  • 周纲 和孙宇的《开创性的下一代图书馆服务平台解决方案》一文全面介绍了FOLIO的技术架构和生态环境,对其如何解决长期困扰图书馆运营的实践问题,如云模式、性价比、功能自主性、安全可控性、系统开放性和服务可靠性等进行了较为深入的探讨,重点分析了Folio技术架构和生态环境等方面的优势以及可能碰到的问题。
  • 郭利敏和张磊的《Folio专题_Folio的技术选型与运营模式研究》结合微服务技术介绍了FOLIO平台技术选型的原因,讨论了FOLIO的社区组织和商业模式之间的关系,对FOLIO在国内的落地提供了相关方案和思考。
  • 许磊和夏翠娟的《第三代图书馆服务平台的元数据管理》着重研究了FOLIO独具特色的底层数据管理架构Codex,认为Codex作为FOLIO中核心的元数据管理域,被设计成Folio的资源链接中心、规范数据中心和跨域的全媒体资源管理入口,能够通过模型中的抽象实体揭示资源间关系,其源自于BIBFRAME的抽象数据模型、最小化的元数据方案、统一的分层描述原则等考虑都远远领先于目前所有的图书馆管理系统,具有足够的灵活性支持第三代图书馆或类似机构各类实体对象的描述与组织。
  • 孙宇和周纲的《Folio专题_基于微服务架构的资源发现系统平台的构建研究》
  • 则重点研究了FOLIO中的资源发现模块,介绍了基于微服务架构的新一代资源发现系统的架构和组成,该系统架构融合了数据收割和联邦检索技术,加强了开源元数据的应用,可以真正实现馆藏所有资源的统一发现和获取,文章还展现了发现系统的本地化应用场景和服务模式。

随着今年年底FOLIO在瑞典Chalmers大学的成功部署,一个开放的、自生长的、由图书馆主导的应用生态将正式落地,真正的下一代系统正在到来!技术将成为图书馆服务创新最大的使能者和推进器。未来已来,让我们拥抱一个全新的开放平台时代!

WOLFcon2020大会发言

It’s been with great pleasure for me to come a long way across the planet, to join you in the big family, to celebrate the ongoing birth of our future platform, especially in the very special Chinese Lunar New Year. So Let me say Happy New Year to you once again! Happy the Rat Year!

The year of the Rat is a beginning of a new round of China Zodiac circle. Usually it means a brand new beginning. That’s what we hope for the FOLIO to bring us with: A New Beginning. 

This is my home town, Shanghai, a city always attracts Hollywood shooting Sci-fi movies, showing the post-mordern future society of our mankind. It is full of exciting things and opportunities. It is a perfect place to announce the final release of FOLIO I think.

This is Shanghai Library, the biggest city library in China, maybe the biggest of its kind around the world. The population of Shanghai city is 23 million. About a quarter had a reader’s card issued from my library. More than 3 million people visited my library and checked out nearly 30 million books every year. The peak circulation transaction number is 66 million in a year. But the circulation is not accomplished only by my library, we’ve got more than 250 libraries in a three-tier library system. We don’t belong to each other, but use only one integrated library system. We are a consortium.

The present Shanghai Library has opened to public in 1996. With the economic development, the budget of Shanghai Library has been increased from around 30 million USD in 1996 to 70 million USD last year. But the service capacity and key indicators have not been improved at the same time. We are not satisfied with the accessibility of our resources and the quality of our services, as well as the realization of the core values as a public library.

Our magnificent powerful Integrated Library System is Horizon, as you may know, it is from SirsiDynix. After running for more than two decades, when we set higher goals to serve more people and construct a new library building with 115,000 square meters, and expand our consortium to more than two thousand community libraries and service points, the Horizon system has no longer been able to meet our needs. At first, We decided to choose a safer way to upgrade our system to the Symphony, which is also from Sirsidynix, so as to have their services. But when the company notified us that they were no longer fulfilling the contract, returned the money and withdraw from China, I knew it was the darkest day in my career. 

Lucky enough we met FOLIO just in time.  We fell in love with FOLIO at the first sight. The open and sharing spirit of FOLIO perfectly matches the ideas of the Library. It is just what we are looking for for many years. Honestly, this step is a little bit bold, but we think it is worth to take the risk. I love the ideas which Sebastian Hammer stated in his speech “Library as a platform” at ELAG2016 conference that the FOLIO should be fully open sourced and act as an operation system for the library, and it will have an App Store for libraries to choose whatever applications they want to run.  He also pictured an amazing “by the community, with the community and for the community” vision of FOLIO.  These ideas are major breakthroughs in the library history I think. And we are very happy to see most of them have been realized in the next few years. 

We think the future shape of the library is a moving target. The service platform should be flexible enough to adapt all kinds of new technologies and requirements into the platform. From this point there is no such a platform better than FOLIO to accomplish the countless and agnostic requirements for libraries in the future.

But now we have to realize some key requirements:

  • It should be a multi tenant platform not only for Shanghai Library, but tens of branch libraries, which have their own sub branches, as a whole consortium.
  • It should support to 100 million circulation transaction in a year.
  • It should look after all kinds of activities by up to 15 million registered users.
  • It should provide collection management solutions for all kinds of culture heritage resources.
  • It should provide SaaS ecology with multiple extension modules (eg. SoLoMo services, Data Analytics, etc) by multiple local vendors.
  • It would help libraries to redefine itself in a new environment and re-engineering its workflow to meet new requirements.

We start our journey to investigate, learn and develop with FOLIO at the end of 2018. This slide lists most of the companies and institutions involved.

Now we have a team of more than 50 people, consists of librarian as PO and developers from 10 company partners. I put their names here but I won’t read them, just want to give them a recognition before you in this world wide community. So can you give them a round of applause? I am sure they can hear and be encouraged.

They are from those companies and institutions above.

By the end of 2020, we focus on the development of the Resource Access/Circulation module, the Collection Management/Inventory module and the System Management module. We also have partners working on the Acquisition/Order module and the Reading Promotion modules. 

We established the Shanghai FOLIO Alliance to joint efforts on the FOLIO implementation among Shanghai Central Library Consortium. The Alliance is under the supervision of the Shanghai Society of Libraries. It can prevent its member library to apply non FOLIO compatible module before FOLIO implementation. There are eight companies and 17 libraries as first members to join the Alliance.

The Chinese library community has been paying great attention to FOLIO from the beginning, and we also try to attract them into the FOLIO community, to popularize the concept of open source and expand our influence. 

We now have a loose national community led by CALIS (China Academic Library and Information System). We plan to upgrade to a semi-formal national alliance to advance the following community work:

  • Translating, including interfaces, documents and all kinds of materials when necessary
  • Chinese Natural Language Processing supporting, such as segmentation, sequencing…etc.
  • Local Knowledge Organization System supporting, like Chinese Library Classification, etc.
  • Developing and Maintaining the FOLIO Chinese version align with the international version, and maintaining local Knowledge Base.
  • Joining the development to contribute to new ideas such as data lake, linked data, machine learning, blockchain etc.
  • Module Compatibility Testing and Evaluating, and running a local App Store.
  • Issueing  Specifications and Best Practices, Outreaching and promotion, training, help implementing or migration, …etc.

We don’t want Chinese FOLIO application to be another information island. There would be no future if Chinese FOLIO community isolated from the international community. So we need a lot of help from you.

  • We need to know more about the whole architecture and backend technology.
  • We have to deal with local needs as a large central public library, such as massive concurrent processing, response performance, scalability, ease of use and user experiences.
  • We should provide multi-tenant environment to meet the different needs of different libraries in a large consortium.
  • We would encourage local teams to develop extensive modules to meet local needs
  • And we are going to establish Chinese application marketplace after you set up of FOLIO App Store

As the demands from China are so intense that the community decided to hire a PO who has the capability of bilingual, knowledgeable of software engineering and library business, to help us to communicate and coordinate with the international Community. After several months of recruiting, when we almost have no hope for such a panda position, Cate found one for us. The recruitment is  underway. It’s amazing.

We can’t wait for so many good ideas from FOLIO to come true, so we could make our contribution as much as possible.

As a small contribution to this conference, we made badges based on FOLIO’s logo and brought them to everyone here. So don’t forget to get one from my colleagues in the lobby (around the corner/by the door of the meeting room).

We are very appreciated for your efforts on developing FOLIO. We are very glad to see the growth of the  community. I truly understand the engagement of the community is the key for the success of FOLIO. I think It is far from enough by now. So we are very glad to be a part of it and to make contribution. There are 3000 public libraries and 1200 college libraries in China, which are eager to see a new library platform and waiting for FOLIO. We would like to invite you to hold a WolfCon or FOLIO Show in China in 2021 when the new Shanghai Library East Building has a grand opening. Let Shanghai library be your host.

Thank you very much.

FOLIO年度进展回顾(视频)

1月最后一天FOLIO网络会议回顾了年度进展,2018年社区取得了很大的发展,开发者人数、活动参与人数都翻倍增长,发展势头良好。

以下嵌入视频,可以打开中文字幕(自动翻译)。

主持人:Laura Wright, University of Colorado Boulder
访谈嘉宾:Christopher Spalding (EBSCO),Michael Winkler (OLE)和Sebastian Hammer (Index Data)